व्यक्ति जिसने जीत ली दुनिया प्रेम से - प्रभुपाद (इस्कॉन - International Society for Krishna Consciousness - ISKCON)



इस्कॉन या अंतर्राष्ट्रीय कृष्णभावनामृत संघ (International Society for Krishna Consciousness - ISKCON), को "हरे कृष्ण आंदोलन" के नाम से भी जाना जाता है। इसे १९६६ में न्यूयॉर्क नगर में भक्तिवेदांत स्वामी प्रभुपाद ने प्रारंभ किया था। देश-विदेश में इसके अनेक मंदिर और विद्यालय है।

ISKCON Abhay Caranaravinda Bhaktivedanta Svami Prabhupada


स्थापना एवं प्रसार
कृष्ण भक्ति में लीन इस अंतरराष्ट्रीय सोसायटी की स्थापना श्रीकृष्णकृपा श्रीमूर्ति श्री अभयचरणारविन्द भक्तिवेदांत स्वामी प्रभुपादजी ने सन् १९६६ में न्यू यॉर्क सिटी में की थी। गुरू भक्ति सिद्धांत सरस्वती गोस्वामी ने प्रभुपाद महाराज से कहा तुम युवा हो, तेजस्वी हो, कृष्ण भक्ति का विदेश में प्रचार-प्रसार करों। आदेश का पालन करने के लिए उन्होंने ५९ वर्ष की आयु में संन्यास ले लिया और गुरु आज्ञा पूर्ण करने का प्रयास करने लगे। अथक प्रयासों के बाद सत्तर वर्ष की आयु में न्यूयॉर्क में कृष्णभवनामृत संघ की स्थापना की। न्यूयॉर्क से प्रारंभ हुई कृष्ण भक्ति की निर्मल धारा शीघ्र ही विश्व के कोने-कोने में बहने लगी। कई देश हरे रामा-हरे कृष्णा के पावन भजन से गुंजायमान होने लगे।

अपने साधारण नियम और सभी जाति-धर्म के प्रति समभाव के चलते इस मंदिर के अनुयायियों की संख्या लगातार बढ़ती जा रही है। हर वह व्यक्ति जो कृष्ण में लीन होना चाहता है, उनका यह मंदिर स्वागत करता है। स्वामी प्रभुपादजी के अथक प्रयासों के कारण दस वर्ष के अल्प समय में ही समूचे विश्व में १०८ मंदिरों का निर्माण हो चुका था। इस समय इस्कॉन समूह के लगभग ४०० से अधिक मंदिरों की स्थापना हो चुकी है।

नियम एवं सिद्धान्त

पूरी दुनिया में इतने अधिक अनुयायी होने का कारण यहाँ मिलने वाली असीम शांति है। इसी शांति की तलाश में पूरब की गीता पश्चिम के लोगों के सिर चढ़कर बोलने लगी। यहाँ के मतावलंबियों को चार सरल नियमों का पालन करना होता है-
उन्हें तामसिक भोजन त्यागना होगा ( तामसिक भोजन के तहत उन्हें प्याज, लहसुन , मांस, मदिरा आदि से दूर रहना होगा)
अनैतिक आचरण से दूर रहना (इसके तहत जुआ, पब, वेश्यालय जैसे स्थानों पर जाना वर्जित है)
एक घंटा शास्त्राध्ययन (इसमें गीता और भारतीय धर्म-इतिहास से जुड़े शास्त्रों का अध्ययन करना होता है)
हरे कृष्णा-हरे कृष्णा नाम की १६ बार माला करना होती है।

ISKCON Abhay Caranaravinda Bhaktivedanta Svami Prabhupada
योगदान
भारत से बाहर विदेशों में हजारों महिलाओं को साड़ी पहने चंदन की बिंदी लगाए व पुरुषों को धोती कुर्ता और गले में तुलसी की माला पहने देखा जा सकता है। लाखों ने मांसाहार तो क्या चाय, कॉफी, प्याज, लहसुन जैसे तामसी पदार्थों का सेवन छोड़कर शाकाहार शुरू कर दिया है। वे लगातार ‘हरे राम-हरे कृष्ण’ का कीर्तन भी करते रहते हैं। इस्कॉन ने पश्चिमी देशों में अनेक भव्य मन्दिरेवं विद्यालय बनवाये हैं। इस्कॉन के अनुयायी विश्व में गीता एवं हिन्दू धर्म एवं संस्कृति का प्रचार-प्रसार करते हैं।

International Society for Krishna Consciousness
ISKCON Abhay Caranaravinda Bhaktivedanta Svami Prabhupada
The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), known colloquially as the Hare Krishna movement, is aGaudiya Vaishnava religious organization. It was founded in 1966 in New York City by "His Divine Grace" Abhay Caranaravinda Bhaktivedanta Svami "Prabhupada". Its core beliefs are based on traditional Hindu scriptures such as the Śrīmad Bhāgavatamand the Bhagavad-gītā, both of which, according to the traditional Hindu view, date back more than 5,000 years. The distinctive appearance of the movement and its culture come from the Gaudiya Vaisnava tradition, which has had adherents in India since the late 15th century and Western converts since the early 1930s. ISKCON was formed to spread the practice of bhakti yoga, in which aspirant devotees (bhaktas) dedicate their thoughts and actions towards pleasing the Supreme Lord, Krishna. ISKCON today is a worldwide confederation of more than 400 centers, including 60 farm communities, some aiming for self-sufficiency, 50 schools and 90 restaurants. In recent decades the movement's most rapid expansions in terms of numbers of membership have been within Eastern Europe (especially since the collapse of the Soviet Union) and India.

Beliefs and history
ISKCON devotees follow a disciplic line of Gaudiya Bhagavata Vaishnavas and are the largest branch of Gaudiya Vaishnavism.Vaishnavism means 'worship of Vishnu', and Gauḍa refers to the area where this particular branch of Vaishnavism originated, in the Gauda region of West Bengal. Gaudiya Vaishnavism has had a following in India, especially West Bengal and Orissa, for the past five hundred years. Bhaktivedanta Swami disseminated Gaudiya Vaishnava Theology in the Western world through extensive writings and translations, including the Bhagavad Gita, Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana), Chaitanya Charitamrita, and other scriptures. These works are now available in more than seventy languages and serve as the canon of ISKCON. Many are available online from a number of websites.
Early Western conversions to monotheistic Krishna Vaisnavism or the Bhagavata Vaisnava line which forms the basis of the ISKCON philosophy were recorded by the Greeks and are reflected in the archaeological record.
Krishna is described as the source of all the avatars. Thus ISKCON devotees worship Krishna as the highest form of God,svayam bhagavan, and often refer to Him as "the Supreme Personality of Godhead" in writing, which was a phrase coined by Prabhupada in his books on the subject. To devotees, Radha represents Krishna's divine female counterpart, the original spiritual potency, and the embodiment of divine love. The individual soul is an eternal personal identity which does not ultimately merge into any formless light or void as suggested by the monistic (Advaita) schools of Hinduism. Prabhupada most frequently offers Sanatana-dharma and Varnashrama dharma as more accurate names for the religious system which accepts Vedicauthority. It is a monotheistic tradition which has its roots in the theistic Vedanta traditions.

Hare Krishna mantra
The popular nickname of "Hare Krishnas" for devotees of this movement comes from the mantra that devotees sing aloud (kirtan) or chant quietly (japa) on tulsi mala. This mantra, known also as the Maha Mantra, contains the names of God Krishna andRama.
The Maha Mantra:
Hare Krishna Hare Krishna
Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama Hare Rama
Rama Rama Hare Hare

Seven purposes of ISKCON
When Srila Prabhupada first incorporated ISKCON in 1966, he gave it seven purposes:
1. To systematically propagate spiritual knowledge to society at large and to educate all people in the techniques of spiritual life in order to check the imbalance of values in life and to achieve real unity and peace in the world.
2. To propagate a consciousness of Krishna, as it is revealed in the Bhagavad-gita and the Srimad-Bhagavatam.
3. To bring the members of the Society together with each other and nearer to Krishna, the prime entity, thus to develop the idea within the members, and humanity at large, that each soul is part and parcel of the quality of Godhead (Krishna).
4. To teach and encourage the sankirtana movement, congregational chanting of the holy names of God as revealed in the teachings of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
5. To erect for the members, and for society at large, a holy place of transcendental pastimes, dedicated to the personality of Krishna.
6. To bring the members closer together for the purpose of teaching a simpler and more natural way of life.
7. With a view towards achieving the aforementioned purposes, to publish and distribute periodicals, magazines, books and other writings.


Four regulative principles
Bhaktivedanta Swami prescribed four regulative principles, in relation to the four legs of dharma, as the basis of the spiritual life:
No eating of meat (including fish) or eggs (lacto-vegetarianism)
No illicit sex
No gambling
No intoxication (including alcohol, caffeine, tobacco and other recreational drugs).
The four legs of Dharma are:
Daya: Mercy
Tapas: Self-Control or Austerity
Satyam: Truthfulness
Śaucam: Cleanliness of body and mind

Preaching activities
ISKCON is known for their energetic active preaching. Members try to spread Krishna consciousness, primarily by singing the Hare Krishna mantra in public places and by selling books written by Bhaktivedanta Swami. Both of these activities are known within the movement as Sankirtan. A study conducted by E. Burke Rochford Jr. at the University of California found that there are four types of contact between those in ISKCON and prospective members. Those include: individually motivated contact, contact made with members in public arenas, contact made through personal connections, and contact with sympathizers of the movement who strongly sway people to join. According to the doctrine of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, one does not need to be born in a Hindufamily to take up the practice of Vaishnavism. There are ISKCON communities around the world with schools, restaurants and farms. In general, funds collected by ISKCON are treated as communal property and used to support the community as a whole and to promote the preaching mission. Many temples also have programs (like Food for Life) to provide meals for the needy. Also, ISKCON has recently brought the academic study of Krishna into western academia as Krishnology.

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